Philippines is one of the 8 founding countries of ICRI. The Philippine Archipelago is composed of about 7,107 islands with a total coastline length of about 36,289 km. The territorial sea of the country is more than twice the total land area estimated at about 679,000 km2 and more than a third of this comprise coastal waters (226,000 km2). The total area of the marine environment of the country including the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and the Benham Rise is more than 2.35 M km2. Beneath these waters are vast marine resources teeming with species of corals, reef fishes, other marine organisms, seagrass, and mangroves forming a genetic pool of immense economic and medical potential. Known globally as the center of marine biodiversity, the Philippines is the only country whose entire territorial waters are part and parcel of the Coral Triangle, a refuge for countless forms of marine life. Its estimated coral reef area of 27,000 km2 is considered the second largest in Southeast Asia.
The Philippines is represented at ICRI meetings through Department of Environment and Natural Resources-Biodiversity Management Bureau (formerly Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau). It is the primary agency responsible for the conservation, management, development, and proper use of the country’s environment and natural resources.
Last Updated: 10 November 2016