Member Type Country
The territorial waters of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia contain one of the most important marine biological communities in the world. Coral reefs in the Red Sea are one of the most important coral reefs in the world due to their high bio-abundance and environmental sensitivity. Coral reefs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are managed by a strategic plan based on sustainability and conservation of biological species with economic and tourism benefits.
Saudi Arabia, alongside King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), supports all aspects of the administrative functioning of the Coral Research & Development Accelerator Platform (CORDAP) at their own cost. CORDAP is a G20 initiative launched in 2020 to fast-track R&D solutions to save the world’s coral reefs.
Surface of Coral Reefs: 6660 km2 that includes coral reefs in the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf, and it is the eighth largest community of coral reefs in the world.
MPA(s) with coral reefs:
– Farasan Island
– Umm al-Qamari
Farasan Islands is the largest marine protected area and located in the far south of the Red Sea, while Umm al-Qamari Island is located in the middle of the southern part of the Red Sea.
Farasan Islands protected area was registered as the first man and biosphere protected area in 2021, and biodiversity, especially coral reefs, represents a major part of the island’s biosphere.
Last Updated: 17 July 2023