The purpose of this addendum is to provide a systematic framework and a suggested process to integrate social with ecological monitoring. We hope that by taking this approach to integrate monitoring, more holistic information will be generated to inform coastal ecosystem management. This should in turn lead to plans and strategies that are developed to achieve desired biophysical and social outcomes for an Ecosystem based approach to natural resource management. This approach is intended to help strike the balance between ecological health with human well-being of coastal communities. We also hope that integrated monitoring will allow for a better understanding of the complex two-way relationships between people and coastal and marine resources and emphasize how important such an understanding is for policy decisions in coastal governance and sustainable development.